The Ypres Salient (World War 1)
The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I.
In military terms, a salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory. Therefore, the salient is surrounded by the enemy on three sides, making the troops occupying the salient vulnerable.
The Ypres Salient during the Second Battle of Ypres
The Ypres Salient was formed by British, French, Canadian and Belgian defensive efforts against German incursion during the 1914 "Race to the Sea", culminating in the Battle of the Yser and the First Battle of Ypres.
These battles saved Ypres and the corner of Belgium around Veurne from German occupation, but also led to the beginning of trench warfare in the salient as both sides "dug in" around the line. The landscape around Ypres is mostly flat, with few rises or hills. Those that did exist became the focus for the 1915 Second Battle of Ypres, which saw the first use of gas and the almost total destruction and evacuation of Ypres. During this battle, the Alliedunits were forced to draw back from Zonnebeke and St Julien to a line of trenches closer to Ypres. This line was to define the Ypres Salient for over two years, during which Hooge lay in one of the eastern-most sectors of the salient and became a site of intense and sustained fighting. This situation changed little despite extensive tunneling prior to the Battle of Messines in 1917 and the Third Battle of Ypres at Passchendaele in the same year.
After the Third Battle of Ypres, the Ypres Salient was left relatively quiet until the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Battle of the Lys, when the Spring Offensive threatened to overwhelm the entire area. This offensive was stopped at the point the Allies were closest to being forced to abandon the salient. By August 1918, the Fifth Battle of Ypres (part of the Hundred Days Offensive) pushed the German forces out of the salient entirely and they did not return.
(source : Wikipedia)
Private Guided Long Day Ypres (Ieper) Salient Battlefield Tour (WWI)
14:30 - 16:00 visit of In Flanders Fields Museum
16:00 - 18:00 leave for a two hours guided battlefield tour of the Ypres Salient
18:00 - 19:30 free time (dinner, ...)
19:45 - 20:15 we attend the Last Post ceremony under the Menin Gate Memorial
this daily tribute, in memory of the so many fallen soldiers has been played by local buglers every evening since 1928
for your info: wreath laying is only on special occasions
22:45 leave Ypres (Ieper) for Dinant
08:30 leave Dinant for Ypres (Ieper)
11:00 free time for the lunch in Ypres
13:30 leave for our guided WWI Ypres Battlefield Tour, for about 4 hours, with (some of the) following highlights that we will visit:
- Essex Farm Cemetery / Advanced Dressing Station, John McCrae site
- Yorkshire Trench & Dug Out
- Soldatenfriedhof / Langemark
- "The Brooding Soldier" (St. Julien Canadian Memorial) at Vancouver Corner
drive through Zonnebeke
- Tyne Cot Cemetery / Passendale ("Passchendaele")
drive via Passendale and Moorslede
- Hill 62
And/or, depending on the time left, also:
- Hill 60 & Caterpillar crater/ Zillebeke
- Spanbroekmolen, Lone Tree Cemetery & Crater (Pool of Peace) / Wijtschate
17:30 Ypres (Market Place) / free time on your own, allowing you to visit the Menin Gate
18:30 leave for Dinant
Arrive Dinant around 21:00
Some pictures of this tour are available on Google Photos
Link to 2017 Passchendaele remembered
A unique opportunity to visit the authentic and well preserved Zonnebeke Church Dugout ! (subject availability / open up to 10 November 2017 only !)
The Battle of Passchendaele (100th Anniversary of The Great War documentary) by Timeline